More than five years have passed since the current version of SAP Identity management – v. 8.0 – was made available by SAP. It introduced significant improvements in the software that had been long-awaited. Moreover, at the end of 2018 the old version – v. 7.2 – went officially out of maintenance. With such important drivers to perform an upgrade, normally the transition from 7.2 to 8.0 should have been done and forgotten by all existing customers long time ago. Surprisingly, that was not the case. The adoption rate started and remained slow, many waited till the last minute and two years later there are still some companies who use v. 7.2.
The typical reasons like budget limitations, willingness to make sure the new version is stable enough or internal reorganizations while contributing to a certain degree were overshadowed by another two, much more important ones.
Due to the core changes in the software the upgrade from 7.2 to 8.0 was not an easy one. The complexity was quite high and for many companies it felt almost like they need to do a new implementation. With not so many IDM experts available on the market to support such challenging initiative the upgrade projects across the customer base started failing. Another not so motivating factor was the unclear roadmap and future of the product. With those two combined it is not a surprise that some companies even decided to decommission SAP IDM and replace it with an alternative IAM solution.
With SAP IdM being the foundation of the Hybrid SAP Security Environment it is clear that an investment for a proper upgrade will pay off in the future. (More on the topic can be found HERE) The last statement raises some important questions: What is a proper upgrade? How can you be sure that your upgrade was done properly? What are the consequences if it is not done right? To answer those questions, guide you through the common pitfalls of an upgrade and give you some insights about possible improvements along the way is the main purpose of this blog.
Upgrades are not born equal. As already mentioned, this one tends to be quite complex. Thankfully, SAP provides a dedicated guide evaluating the most common scenarios, which customers follow when upgrading from SAP IdM 7.2 to 8.0. We won't dig into the most obvious recommendations the guide outlines, but surely, we will emphasize some of those, which should not be omitted.
SAP IdM follows an upgrade policy, which has a pre-defined path: if you have started with IDM since version 7.1, then you first need to move to 7.2 and only then to 8.0 rather than jump directly to 8.0. For SAP IdM 7.2, the SP level of the existing installation should be at least SP09, where SP10 is actually recommended.
Although the most often selected is "Option 1", we will list the pros/cons of both options. The graphics above depict the two methods.
Unfortunately, it is not obvious from the guide that the selected upgrade strategy impacts significantly how you run and maintain your SAP IdM system in the future. If you pick "Option 1", you are then bound to manual upgrades in the future and patching using installation scripts (e.g. the old-fashioned way available in v. 7.2). However, if you go with "Option 2", then the recommended approach for patching/upgrading becomes SWPM (Software Provisioning Manager).
Irrelevant of the strategy you pick, keep in mind that while v.7.2 was letting you have forms and processes with the same name, this is already not allowed in v.8.0, since it leads to issues with the package transport. Moreover, all public tasks are converted to private during the upgrade due to the one-package approach and the new naming conventions for public objects in v. 8.0.
SAP IdM has a quite complex component structure, spreading through database objects, runtime components, VDS and SAP NetWeaver add-on software components. The upgrade guide covers them all, but the aspect of the OS folder structure should not be left behind, especially in "Option 2". Usually SAP IdM has import jobs, which get their sources from files. Those files (e.g. email templates) should be re-created in the new environment to ensure a smooth transition. Although regular sending of emails can still use the old file-based templates, the new approval task expects that the email templates are imported in the dedicated templates database table.
One of the big changes in technical aspect between 7.2 and 8.0 is the switch from Java 1.6 to Java 1.8 for the runtime components. To be more precise, v. 8.0 depends on SAP JVM 8.1. If you follow the upgrade guide, the switch itself should not be a problem, but keep in mind that you might have some headache, if your target systems are connected in a secure way to SAP IdM. You should make sure that all target system certificates are properly migrated/reimported and that the new Java runtime has similar configuration as its predecessor to avoid any broken communication channels.
There are also some functionalities, which were visible in the Management console of v. 7.2 but are missing in v. 8.0 Developer Studio. However, this does not mean that they are not there and you cannot use them. Two of them are job variables and job scheduling rules. The former are still available and stored in the mc_job_variables table in the database, but they are not part of the package transport, so if used, they should be re-created in each system. As for the job scheduling rules, they also exist on database level and SAP released a note explaining how to create your own using SQL. However, our recommendation is not to fiddle directly with the database and instead adopt a free and easy to use add-on for managing all your scheduling rules in one place.
Unfortunately, several audits our experts at ROIABLE performed for new customers showed that some of those important aspects were neglected during the upgrade. Consequently, we had to perform additional steps in order to make sure their system is in a proper state. If after the upgrade your SAP IDM system acts strange, it’s definitely worth checking.
Last but not least, when we talk about the upgrade from SAP IDM 7.2 to 8.0 – there was one major addition (replacement) to the portfolio of supported databases. Sybase ASE was included in the list, replacing Max DB and new installations on the former started piling up. At first, customers were somewhat hesitant if Sybase is really an enterprise-ready database. Personal preferences aside, let’s look at some insights from Gartner.
Since Sybase was acquired by SAP in 2010 it became SAP standard alongside their leading in-memory database HANA. Picking the right database is important for any solution, but this is especially valid for SAP IDM where significant part of the software itself depends on DB stored procedures. Besides the technical impact such choice can have also a serious financial impact. The license gap between Sybase and Oracle (which was probably the most popular DB for SAP IDM before) is now wider than ever. While new customers can start directly with Sybase, existing customers of IDM running on Oracle were presumably faced with a lack of choice: till recently SAP was advising against a DB switch, after the upgrade due to the complexity and significant technical differences between Sybase and Oracle.
However, our team of SAP IDM experts at ROIABLE has already helped several companies switch from Oracle to Sybase (plus few more migrating to other supported DBs). Respectively, such move is not just possible, but it actually adds a third option for upgrading from 7.2 to 8.0.
This "Option 3" consists of full system upgrade following the official "Option 1" approach, including the optional steps for the provisioning framework and splitting of the packages. Then it is followed by "Option 2", where a brand new system is installed on a database of choice (e.g. not the database, on which SAP IdM 7.2 was running - for example Sybase ASE). The last step of the new option is called - database migration. The already configured system from "Option 1" is migrated on the database of "Option 2" resulting in the following:
Cleary "Option 3" is superior compared to the other two. However, most customers already performed their SAP IdM upgrade following either "Option 1" or "Option 2". The logical question is - can you still take advantage of "Option 3"? Yes, you can!
Another blog on SAP IdM database migration will provide more details to those who are interested.